Understanding the body and disease process Brain & Mind

The brain is the central processing unit of the body and plays a key role in translating the content of the mind (your thoughts, feelings, attitudes, beliefs, memories and imagination) into complex patterns of nerve cell firing and chemical release. It is responsible for movements of all parts of our bodies, from our first steps to the fine movements of our hands to the smiles on our faces.

Researcher text book diagram of the brain
  1. 1935

    While working on his University of Paris thesis, Herbert Jasper set up one of the first clinical electroencephalograph labs at Brown University

  2. 1939

    The EEG Department at MNI opened in January of 1939

  3. 1940

  4. 1940's

    Over the next two decades, Drs. Jasper and Penfield studied epilepsy and worked to develop functional maps of the human brain

  5. 1949

    Dr. Donald O. Hebb published "The Organization of Behavior"

  6. 1950

  7. 1950s

    Henry Barnett described a new clinical syndrome: post-traumatic syringomyelia

  8. 1952

    Alongside his colleague, Dr. Herbert Jasper, Penfield refined a surgical technique named the “Montreal Procedure”

  9. 1950s

    While developing the Montreal Procedure, Penfield was able to create functional maps of the brain

  10. 1954

    Brenda Milner authored a now renowned publication, “Intellectual Function of the Temporal Lobes"

  11. 1955

    Brenda Milner began working with “HM”

  12. 1956

    C. Miller Fisher continued to make significant contributions to the field of neurology with the descriptions of many cerebrovascular syndromes

  13. 1957

    Brenda Milner published another groundbreaking article

  14. 1960

  15. 1962

    Dr. Hubel and Dr. Wiesel published one of their earliest ground-breaking papers

  16. 1963

    Dr. David Hubel published his first book, The Visual Cortex of the Brain

  17. 1966

    Dr. Tulving published an influential paper on retrieval processes

  18. 1967

    A rising star in the field of neurology, Henry Barnett established the Department of Neuroscience at Sunnybrook Hospital

  19. 1970

  20. 1972

    Dr. Tulving published a book chapter in which he argued that memory for specific events and memory for general knowledge were the manifestations of two distinct memory systems

  21. 1973

    Dr. Tator demonstrated that post-traumatic ischemia is a major second injury mechanism after experimental spinal cord injury

  22. 1975

    Dr. Hachinski co-founded the first acute comprehensive stroke unit in the world

  23. 1978

    Dr. Tator developed one of the first experimental models of spinal cord injury in small laboratory animals

  24. 1980

  25. 1983

    Dr. Tulving published his book “Elements of Episodic Memory"

  26. 1985

    Dr. Weiss and colleagues identify ionotropic and metabotropic receptors for the neurotransmitter glutamate.

  27. 1989

    Dr. Melzack’s fascination with phantom limb pain led to a publication in 1989 of the “neuromatrix theory of pain”

  28. 1990

  29. 1992

    On the space craft DISCOVERY, Dr. Bondar circled our planet at thirty thousand kilometres per hour, situated three hundred kilometres above Earth

  30. 1992

    Pivotal paper published in Science in 1992 announces seminal discovery that the adult mammalian central nervous system contains neural stem cells.

  31. 1994

    The Neuroscience Division of the Douglas Hospital Research Centre was formed with Dr. Quirion serving as its first scientific director

  32. 1998

    After a decade at UBC, Dr. Cynader was appointed Founding Director of the Brain Research Centre

  33. 2000

  34. 2000

    NeuroVir was sold to a German biotechnology company that took NeuroVir’s technology into clinical trials

  35. 2000

    The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) appointed Dr. Quirion as the first Science Director for the Institute of Neurosciences, Mental Health and Addiction (INMHA), one of Canada’s 13…

  36. 2004 - 2017

    Founding Director of the Hotchkiss Brain Institute

  37. 2010

  38. 2011

    Dr. Hachinski became the Inaugural chair of the World Brain Alliance

  39. 2020

About the CMHF

The Canadian Medical Hall of Fame (CMHF) celebrates Canadian heroes whose work advances health in Canada and the world, fostering future generations of health professionals through the delivery of local and national youth education programs and awards.

This enduring tribute to our country’s rich medical history is showcased here and in our physical exhibit hall in London, ON.